World Rabies Day

World Rabies Day 2020 – On 28th September, World Rabies Day 2020 is observed to raise awareness about the prevention of Rabies in our country and take adaptive measures for the same. Rabies is an animal transmitted disease which affects the human body, the virus is transmitted in a form of saliva from rabid animals to human wounds or any scratches.

Rabies

World Rabies Day 2020 Theme

The theme for World Rabies Day 2020 is “End Rabies: Collaborate, Vaccinate”. This year’s theme focuses on vaccination and collaboration.  In brief, the theme reminds us of key current issues in rabies elimination, namely:

  • the goal of Zero by 30,
  • the importance of dog vaccination and post-exposure prophylaxis and
  • the need for a united effort towards achieving the elimination of this transboundary disease.

This annual day of awareness, launched in 2007, helps educate people about the dangers of rabies in North America and around the world.

Rabies is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system and can affect any cold-blooded animal. There is no cure for rabies, and it is almost always fatal. Once clinical signs occur, an infected animal usually dies within five days.

Vomiting:

Vomiting is often a sign that your dog is fighting off something. While a vomiting dog rarely causes to rush to the hospital for fear of rabies, if you have reason to suspect that your dog is infected, it’s time to head to the vet.

Fever:

Yet another universal symptom that can be attributed to rabies, dogs suffering from the virus often run a fever, as a high temperature is one of the body’s primary responses to a viral infection.

Sensitivity:

Dogs suffering from rabies tend to experience a heightened sensitivity to several things, predominantly light, touch, and sound. Photophobia, or sensitivity to light, is the most notable sensitivity, resulting in dogs receding from brightly lit areas and squinting.

Lethargy:

Often the first sign of rabies, if your dog is acting unusually tired or low-energy, it could be a symptom of the onset of rabies.

Odd Behaviour:

When you think of rabies, the first thing that leaps to mind is strange and erratic behavior. Some of these are unchecked aggression, hallucinations, self-mutilation, and unsteadiness.

History of World Rabies Day

World Rabies Day started its campaign on 8th September 2007 with a partnership between the Alliance for Rabies Control and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA, with the World Health Organization’s co-sponsorship the World Organization for Animal Health and the Pan American Health Organization. After conducting three Rabies day consecutively in 2009, the global alliance for rabies control viewed the fact that nearly 100 million people worldwide were educated on Rabies prevention to boost their campaign. Further, the governments and international agencies stated changes in plans, policies, and progress on rabies elimination. By 2011 the government and NGOs found World Rabies day a superior tool to eliminate Rabies worldwide. At the first Pan-African Rabies Control Network meeting in 2015, the 33 African countries represented there recommended consideration of World Rabies Day as an opportunity for rabies advocacy.

What is Rabies?

Rabies is a virus that spreads through a bite from an infected animal. Rabies is an RNA virus of the rhabdovirus family. Rabies is fatal without early treatment.

The virus can affect the body in any one of the two ways:

  • It enters the peripheral nervous system (PNS) directly and spreads to the brain.
  • The virus replicates within muscle tissues, where it is safe from the host’s immune system. From there, it enters the nervous system via the neuromuscular junctions.

Once it gets inside the nervous system, the virus produces acute inflammation in the brain which is soon followed by Coma and death

There are two types of rabies.

Furious, or encephalitic rabies: This type of rabies occurs in 80 percent of human cases in which the person is more likely to experience hyperactivity and hydrophobia.

Paralytic or “dumb” rabies: Paralysis is the main symptom.

Rabies Virus

Interesting Facts about World Rabies Day

  • World Rabies Day is the primary and only global day of action and awareness for rabies prevention.
  • Around 95% of deaths are registered in the continents of Asia and Africa.
  •  Worldwide, rabies deaths are rarely reported, and children between the ages of 5 and 14 are frequent victims.
  • Every year, more than 29 million people worldwide receive a post-bite vaccination
  • Rabies is a 100% vaccine-preventable disease.
  • Furious rabies results in signs of hyperactivity, excitable behavior, hydrophobia (fear of water), and sometimes aerophobia (fear of drafts or of fresh air).
  • Dogs are the main source of human rabies deaths, counting up to 99% of all rabies transmissions to humans.
  • Globally rabies causes an estimated cost of US$ 8.6 billion per year.
  •  Rabies can affect both domestic and wild animals.

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