African lions are large, muscular, barrel-chested cats. They have a rounded head, round ears, short fur, and a long tail with a tuft of hair at the end. Male lions grow a luxurious collar of long hair, called a “mane,” around their necks.
The lion may be called the “king of the jungle,” but it’s actually absent from rainforests. Instead, this cat prefers the grassy plains, savannas, and scrubland of sub-Saharan Africa.
Lions sleep for 16 to 20 hours a day. They most often hunt at dawn or dusk, but can adapt to their prey to change their schedule. They communicate using vocalizations, head rubbing, licking, facial expressions, chemical marking, and visual marking. Lions are known for their fierce roar, but may also growl, meow, snarl, and purr.
The Siberian tiger is a population of the Panthera tigris Tigris subspecies that is native to the Russian Far East, Northeast China, and possibly North Korea. It once ranged throughout the Korean Peninsula, north China, and eastern Mongolia.
The primary habitats of the Siberian tiger are taiga, or snow forest, birch forest, and boreal forest. They live in very harsh conditions. Winters are extremely cold, and snowfall can be very high during the winter. The vast majority of the population lives in remote mountainous regions, far from any human settlement. Much of their habitat choice also revolves around prey availability.
Siberian tigers are solitary creatures, and do not tolerate one another’s company. They are extremely territorial, and their territories can be hundreds of square miles long.
The tigers mark their territories by using scent marking, frequently with urine. Most of their activity occurs at night, as they are nocturnal. During their nights, the cats patrol their territories and search for prey.
Compare African Lion vs Siberian Tiger:
African Lion is the second largest living felid or cat after Tiger (Siberian tiger and Bengal tiger) which can weigh up to 180 kg with the head & body length of 6 ft 1 inch. It is the tallest cat in the family felidae with the shoulder height of 3 ft 8 inch, unlike tigers the male lions have the mane which makes them unique from lioness and because of that mane they are known as the king of jungle.
Siberian Tiger or Amur Tiger is the largest extant cat species ever exists on earth with a head & body length of 7 ft 4 inch and can weigh up to 310 kg. It is the second tallest cat in the Felidae family just after the African lion with a shoulder height of 3 ft 3 inch. If the male lion has the mane which makes him the king then the tiger has the marking of 王, a Chinese character on his forehead which means King. Now the question arises who is the real king of the jungle whether it is African Lion or Tiger (Siberian and Bengal Tiger)? As the article progresses you will able to know who is the real king?
African lion found in Africa continent only especially in sub-Saharan Africa where they prey on wildebeest, zebra, wild pigs, deer, antelopes and other small and large size animals like wild buffaloes etc. African lion is an apex predator and they hunt in group called pride and female mostly hunts the prey.
On the other hand, the Siberian tiger found in Russia especially in Siberia only is the solitary hunter which hunts alone and prey on musk deer, stag, goral, wild pigs and ox, etc. on hungry they even killed wolf, black and brown bear for food in Siberia which makes him the most fiercer land animal on earth. Like lions, they are also apex predators and are on top of the food chain in the wild.
Comparision Table Tiger vs Lion:
|Animals||African Lion||Siberian Tiger|
|Average Head & Body Length||6 ft 1 inch||7 ft 4 inch|
|Tail Length||3 ft 2 inch||3 ft 1 inch|
|Shoulder Height||3 ft 8 inch||3 ft 3 inch|
|Average Weight||180 kg||305 kg|
|Average Life Span||13 years||14 years|
Head to Head Fight:
In history both animals have been involved in fight many times and each time tiger has the dominance over lion. If you don’t believe then read the below given facts why Siberian tiger has the dominance over big African lion and even Bengal tiger who is just slightly smaller than Siberian tiger is capable of killing the African lion because in recent Bengal tiger has killed the African lion in Turkey zoo.
Why Tiger is Dominant:
- Tiger has a strong muscular body than the African lion.
- Tigers have bigger canine teeth than the African lion.
- Tigers has powerful forelimbs and paws than African Lion.
- Unlike other cats, tigers are very good swimmers which helps them to fight or hunt even in water also.
- African lions have a bigger skull than a Siberian tiger but tigers have bigger cranial volumes than African lion means they have a bigger brain which makes them far intelligent and clever than lions.
- Tiger has stronger hind legs through which he can stand and can maul simultaneously with both paws where the African lion needs one paw and both hind legs to stand. Lion can also stand on hind legs but for a few seconds only because they have weaker hind legs.
- Tiger is a solitary hunter and lives in a more dangerous habitat than African lion where he has to travel a lot for prey which makes him the true king.
According to experts of cat species, Siberian Tiger will always win in every fight whatever the condition is.