why indian Engineers celebrate Engineers Day
In India, we celebrate National Engineer’s Day on September 15, the birth anniversary of Engineer Bharat Ratna Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya(happy engineers day india).
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, born on 15 September 1861, in Muddenahalli near Chikkaballapur. He went on to become India’s most prolific civil engineer, dam builder, economist, statesman and can be counted among the last century’s foremost nation-builders.
he was also the Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918. He was the chief engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in Mysore as well as as the chief designer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad. Due to his outstanding contribution to the society, Government of India conferred ‘Bharat Ratna’ on this legend in the year 1955.” He was also awarded the British knighthood by King George V and hence has the honorific “sir”
on His birthday, 15 September is celebrated as the Engineers day(birthday engineer). He also designed and patented the automatic weir water floodgates, first installed at the Khadakwasla reservoir, Pune 1903.
He transformed the Mysore state into ‘model state’.
According to the Institution of Engineers India (IEI), he is best known for his discourse ‘Planned Economy for India and Reconstructing India‘ which is the first of its kind to describe the country’s planning efforts and is even today regarded as the parent source matter for economic planners.
Visvesvaraya successfully designed and constructed several river dams, bridges and revolutionized the irrigation system in India by implementing irrigation and drinking water system all over the country.
- he was born in the year 1861 in a village called Muddenahalli in Karnataka
- he completed his graduation in Bachelor of Arts (BA) from the University of Madras and after topping the Pune College of Engineering he was directly (without any interview) recruited by Government of Bombay and appointed as Assistant Engineer in the Public Works Department.
- King George V knighted him as a commander of the British Indian Empire, in the year 1915
- He created automatic sluice gates which were later reused for Tigra Dam (Madhya Pradesh) and KRS Dam (Karnataka; then Asia’s biggest) as well. For this patent design, he was supposed to get a recurring income in the form of royalty, but he refused it so that the government could use this money for more developmental projects.
- In Hyderabad, he designed the flood protection system, which earned him celebrity status.
- He was offered Dewanship (Prime Minister position) of Mysore in 1908 and given full responsibility for all the development projects. Under his Dewanship, Mysore saw a major transformation in the realms of agriculture, irrigation, industrialization, education, banking and commerce.
- In 1955, the government of India conferred him with the highest civilian honour — the Bharat Ratna — along with Jawaharlal Nehru
- Even before receiving a fellowship by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore, he became a member of the London Institution of Civil Engineers
- He was called the precursor of economic planning in India.
- The eminent engineer passed away in 1962.